Depletion of the water table as palm oil is water thirsty crop

Summary
Mitigating the depletion of water table
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Depletion of the water table as palm oil is water thirsty crop
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Oil palm is an extremely water-dependent crop and leads to water being diverted from streams to oil palm plantations. This impacts the water table and also local residents, who are dependent on various water sources.

Oil palm is a thirsty crop which is advised to be grown in regions receiving abundant rainfall. Further, oil palm requires round-the-year water supply. It is believed that every oil palm tree requires 300 litres water a day. Such locations that can cater to the water requirements of palm are few in India. In oil palm growing regions of India like Andhra Pradesh where the annual rainfall is between 800 and 1,000mm, irrigation needs are met through groundwater.

Kind of solution required: Alternate methods of irrigation that is sustainable and does not lead to ground water depletion.

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